Whether you’re a professional farmer or a backyard gardener, you will come across destructive insects and bugs on your plants.
However, there are many solutions available for getting rid of these common plant pests. These range from natural store-bought pesticides to even things you probably already have in your home.
So, what are the best home remedies and organic methods to stop pesky insects from eating your plants?
Here’s how to get rid of bugs on plants naturally.
1. Beneficial Insects
While many bugs fall under the pest category, some are helpers — feeding on the pests you want to get rid of.
Therefore, having ladybugs, braconid wasps, spiders, praying mantises, dragonflies, minute pirate bugs, and other beneficial garden insects around will reduce damage to your garden and help ensure healthy crops.
Moreover, you can also buy most of these insects.
2. Companion Planting
Companion planting is an organic method of controlling pests. It isn’t just limited to flowers either — you can plant vegetables and herbs such as onions and sage. Moreover, the seeds for many of these plants are very affordable.
3. Diatomaceous Earth
Liberally sprinkle the DE around your plants for an effective killing shield against any potential pest problem. Moreover, it’s safe for humans to handle, but must be reapplied after a rainstorm.
4. Soap and Water
Dilute soap with water to make a homemade bug spray for your plants. The solution also creates an effective shield against a wide variety of pests.
Combine five tablespoons of organic liquid soap in a gallon of water for an instant soapy water spray solution.
However, keep an eye on your leaves for any burns, signaling you to dilute the mixture even further.
5. Neem Oil
Mix 4 teaspoons of it with 2 teaspoons of liquid soap in a gallon of water and spray the insecticidal solution on plants.
Now watch the insects run for cover as their hormones are thrown completely out of whack.
There are many kinds of traps for garden insects, some of which don’t harm them at all.
6. Sticky Trap
Using sticky traps is an effective way to control flies and pesky insects. You can also make a DIY trap of any yellow or blue paper that’s covered in a sticky substance.
7. Grapefruit Halves
Your morning breakfast can become your daily shield against bad insects.
Once you’ve eaten the fruit, use the rind as bait to attract snails and slugs and watch them slowly march nearby. Get rid of them as they appear.
You can also cut a grapefruit in half and scoop out the inside. Once that’s done, place the empty shell near affected plants in the late afternoon.
Slugs and snails will crawl right in to take cover. Finally, scoop them out the next norming and squish them or feed them to the birds.
8. Beer Container
To prevent snails and slugs from noshing on your plants, set out a little dish of beer to attract them.
The slimy little guys like the stuff.
The smell coming from the dish will lure them in and drown them. Afterward, scoop them out and dispose of them.
Essential Oils for Pest Control
There are some essential oils that are effective at repelling garden pests.
The basic application is 10-15 drops of oil to a cup of water. You will then place the solution into a spray bottle and apply it to the affected areas.
However, be careful when using, as some oils can also repel insects that are useful to a garden.
This one is famous for its pleasant aroma and its ability to keep out certain critters such as the mealybug , beetles, flies, rodents, caterpillars, and ants.
Easier to use than it is to say, this flower contains pyrethrin, which is a natural bug killer.
Chrysanthemum oil is especially useful against aphids, fleas, and ants. It kills them.
Pine oil is highly effective against mosquitoes . Mosquitoes find the smell utterly repulsive; therefore, they will avoid your house and garden when the oil is diffused.
12. Tea Tree
Great against mosquitoes and ants, you can make a simple solution of tea tree oil and water and apply it with a sprayer.
Apart from those two, stinging insects and some garden bugs also seem to hate it.
This extremely distinctive smell is not only good for controlling sucking insects, but it’s also effective against fungus.
Flying insects seem to hate lavender oil. What’s more, you can use it to relieve itches from bug bites.
Lemongrass oil is an excellent repellent for fruit flies, mosquitoes, and fleas. This also makes it handy to have around the house.
Orange oil is a wonderful repellent against ants, spiders, cockroaches, mites, termites, flies, and even wasps.
This is an effective oil for use in the garden and around the home.
Cinnamon oil makes a great deterrent for aphids (greenflies), earwigs, silverfish, mealybugs, scale insects, and mosquito larvae.
It also works great for bed bugs.
Basil oil not only repels caterpillars, but also flies, weevils, and moths. Moreover, you can burn the oil and let the smoke permeate your garden.
Mugwort oil is a strong toxicant against the Red flour beetle .
There are many items that you may already have in your house that can be extremely effective at either killing or driving away pests.
Items such as hot peppers, eggshells, or even just plain soap and water — are effective at removing infestations.
Garlic’s strong smell will help to keep away moles, gophers, and voles. Place the cloves in their tunnels. However, be sure to replace them periodically.
You can also make an organic spray to use on other insects by blending 2 bulbs in a cup of water. Strain before using this natural insecticide.
21. Egg Shells
Eggshells are great for your garden soil because they not only supply calcium but also discourage slugs and snails.
The sharp edges of the crushed shells will painfully scrape their gooey bodies.
22. Pepper Spray
Not the canister, however, you can use normal pepper to make a solution that will repel caterpillars, spider mites, mayflies, and maggots.
For the recipe, puree 5 hot peppers in 2 cups of water. Next, add a teaspoon of liquid soap. Finally, strain and use this insecticidal spray on insects.
23. Coffee Grounds
Coffee makes a great natural insecticide for plants. You love it, but bugs and most animals hate the stuff.
Consequently, place coffee grounds in areas where there are bugs in the garden soil and rodents causing problems.
It also keeps away ants. Plus, it’s a great way to recycle your used coffee grounds.
This is an effective measure against bad insects that require little to no money at all.
If you see a plant with a minor infestation, you might be able to pick off the pests or remove a section of it without having to uproot or destroy the entire plant.
24. Pull Out Weak Plants
By pulling out weak plants that are likely to get infected and maintaining healthy soil, your garden will be much less appealing to pests.
If you do pull up an infected — or even suspected-infected plant, be sure to wash your hands. Also, disinfect the tools so that possible diseases don’t spread the next time you use them.
Nets, fences, and anything that puts a strong defense between your crops and whatever wants to munch on them.
You can even use floating row covers, which block invaders but still allow sunshine in.
Go through your garden and manually pluck off anything you don’t want on your plants — egg sacs, adults, and larvae.
27. Water Pressure Sprays
Use a water hose pressure to wash pests off of your plants. However, ensure the plants are resilient enough to withstand the pressure.
A powerful blast of water can dislodge anything that may be eating your crops — aphids, mites, weevils, bugs, etc.
Other Ways to Get Rid of Pests Naturally
- The best way to get rid of the critters is never to have them in the first place.
- Make your garden less desirable for them to live within by keeping it clean.
- Avoid planting the same crop over and over in the same bed. This will help decrease soil-dwelling pests.
- Build up your soil. Healthy soil produces healthy plants which are better able to withstand pest attacks.
- There are also flowers you can use to control pests. Growing these plants on the edge of your garden helps keep certain critters away.
While there are many different methods of ridding your garden of destructive insects, this list highlights quite a few organic and eco-friendly options.
Above all, with these remedies, you should be able to work towards a pest-free garden while feeling happy about the methods used.