Whether you’re planting crops to enjoy the great outdoors or save money, we’ve rounded up some high yield vegetables that will produce a bountiful harvest.
People who have never gardened before or haven’t farmed in a long time are now growing their own vegetables and herbs. This is mainly to save money, earn an income, eat healthier, or enjoy the relaxing process of creating a garden.
If you want to eat plenty of delicious, organic homegrown produce while still having enough to share with family and friends, make sure these high-yield crops are on your list.
For many farmers, tomato plants are the pride and joy of their garden. It offers a superior flavor, texture, and overall quality when homegrown instead of purchased at the grocery store.
Tomatoes grow in bunches, and more often than not, you’ll end up with a lot more fruits than you could possibly eat on your own.
Great for small gardens, tomatoes are among the highest yielding crops. On average, you can expect 8 to 20 pounds of tomatoes per plant.
Moreover, from Ace 55 to Beefsteak to Brandywine, there are plenty of varieties of tomatoes to choose from.
Cucumbers are also cash crops but keep in mind it’s essential to make sure you have the right space for them to climb. This means you should have a vertical trellis or structure.
If you have two healthy cucumber plants, you can expect an incredible 30 to 40 cukes per harvest period.
That’s more than enough to give away or donate to those in need! But, it’s best to grow vining varieties over bush varieties as they’ll produce a lot more fruits.
Pick your cucumbers when they feel firm and are about six to eight long. Also, plant a few onions nearby as they’ll help keep insects away.
Peanuts require adequate water, as well as lots of hot weather to produce their maximum amount and/or quality.
Although peanut plants tend to be somewhat drought tolerant, they need to receive water in a timely manner throughout the entire season.
They tend to grow best in warm climates, but if you’re able to plant them, you can end up with as many as 50 peanuts per plant.
That’s a lot of peanuts to enjoy and share. If you don’t particularly enjoy peanuts as is, you can always make your own peanut butter.
There’s a reason squash is a longtime favorite crop among many gardeners.
They grow quite quickly and produce a large amount. But be careful — if you don’t pay attention, they can overtake your entire garden!
All types of squash, regardless of whether it’s summer or winter squash, love the sun and the heat. Try to plant squash in full sun for the biggest possible harvest.
You’ll also want to grow them vertically to avoid them taking over your garden, but you’re sure to have plenty of squash to show for your efforts!
It’s a common myth that beans aren’t worth growing because they produce a small amount, but this couldn’t be further from the truth.
In fact, bush beans can yield up to 5 pounds from every 10-foot row. Pole beans, on the other hand, can produce up to 10 pounds per 10-foot row.
Spring works best for planting most types of beans. They’ll start sprouting within a few weeks, and when they’re ready to harvest, you’ll be shocked at the amount you have.
Make sure you’re ready to preserve or give them away!
Potatoes are a great choice when you’re looking to invest in crops that yield an abundance of harvest for your small farm.
Once everything thaws after spring, start planning in 10-foot rows — making sure your seeds are a minimum of 12 inches apart. A 10-foot row can give you up to 60 pounds of potatoes with the right care.
For the best results and quality, try planting in loose, fluffy soil so the roots can really reach through. Also, keep your soil nicely watered. You want it moist but not over-watered.
Okras are commonly overlooked, but they are quite delicious. The immature pods are great for soups, stews, or as fried snacks.
If you plant okra during the summer months, you’ll be able to harvest your crop early and often. It’s known for its incredible harvest — giving you 30 or more pods per plant.
8. Hot Peppers
Is there anything better than hot peppers grown in your backyard?
They tend to be much more spicy and flavorful than sweet peppers. And as a bonus, hot peppers produce a lot, no matter what type you choose.
Whether it’s serrano, jalapeño, or something else, you can expect a great return on your time and investment.
They grow best in warm climates. Peppers are great vegetables for small gardens.
If you’re going into herb farming, basil is one of the best high yielding herbs to grow.
It’s great for making pesto, it freezes fairly well on its own, and there are so many ways to preserve basil if you can’t give enough of it away.
If you plant 6 basil plants, you’ll have roughly 3 cups of leaves per week. You really can’t go wrong with this fantastic herb when it comes to planting something that grows in abundance.
Blackberries are a tasty treat that almost everyone enjoys. They don’t take up much space and produce a huge amount of fruits, so it’s well worth it to take the time to cultivate your own.
Plus, blackberries are often expensive when bought at the grocery store, so you can’t go wrong with growing your own. Expect up to 20 pounds of fruits from one blackberry bush per season.
Thyme is a great herb that can be used in many ways, and fortunately, when you plant it, you’ll end up with quite a bit of it when it’s time to harvest.
Make sure you plant thyme in an area with plenty of sunlight.
You can still plant it indoors, but make sure it’s near a sunny window. It’s quite a low-maintenance herb as long as the soil is well-drained.
Chives are hardy perennial that is easy to grow. The entire plant is edible, which makes them extremely versatile and great for sharing your harvest with friends and family.
You can pick the flowers and use them as garnishes or eat the leaves and bulbs.
Simply plant them in the ground or a pot and make sure they get up to 5 hours of sunlight per day.
Plant dill in moist soil wherever the plant can receive a lot of warmth. It’s a short-lived annual, but it creates an abundance of herbs for you to harvest and share.
It’s versatile, allowing you to use it in various dishes, as well as in the production of oils and soaps.
Mint is another high yield herb deserving a spot on this list, and as an added benefit, it’s quite easy to grow.
Moreover, most mint plants will tolerate some shade without any issues. Read: Vegetables and Herbs That Grow in Shade.
If you’re growing mint outdoors, plant two or three plants 18 to 24 inches apart and make sure the soil is well-drained. They’ll easily spread all over your garden and the plants can reach up to 2 feet tall!
15. Leaf Lettuce
Leaf lettuce, an annual plant in the daisy family, is often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its seeds and stems as well. This is best grown in areas that don’t get too hot.
From red to green to oak leaf lettuce, all varieties are delicious.
When harvesting, don’t cut the crown. Instead, harvest the leaves only and more will grow back!
High Yield Fruit Trees and Bushes
Below are 10 high yielding fruit trees and bushes. Moreover, some of these are perennial crops.
- Currant Bushes
Tips to Produce a Bountiful Harvest
Ready to take up high-yield vegetable gardening? Here are a few tips to help you cultivate productive vegetables, herbs, and fruit plants and trees.
Make sure you’re using compost in your garden as it will keep the plants healthy. Compost is incredibly nutrient-rich, helping your plants grow much stronger and produce much more when it is harvest time.
If you add the right mulch to your garden, it’ll help retain moisture in the soil while eliminating the risk of weeds taking over. In the long run, this helps increase the output of your garden.
Pinch and Prune
Pinching and pruning your plants regularly will help remove any excess foliage and flowers. This will allow your plants to focus their energy on producing fruits instead of maintaining the foliage.
When possible, garden vertically to save space by enabling plants to grow up instead of out. This will help you get more out of your harvest.
Where to Buy Seeds?
You can purchase high-quality herb, fruit, and vegetable seeds from your local gardening store or from reputable online retailers such as SeedsNow.
See also: How to Preserve Vegetables and Fruits.