There are many crops that thrive well in the cool season . In fact, quite a few of them can be harvested in fall and winter, including beets.
What’s more, some of these can not only withstand winter (including snow with proper protection) — they turn out to be more flavorful and sweeter!
Cool Weather Vegetables
Here is a list of vegetables that can be harvested in fall, winter, or early spring.
Harvesting just before the first frost is advisable but with proper protection, they can handle even a hard frost.
Harvest beans before the first frost, even a light one.
Beets establish better under cool, moist conditions but require heavy mulching to withstand even a light frost.
4. Bok Choy
Bok choy is a very hardy plant that can survive low temperatures but protection is needed against the snow.
Broccoli loves the cold, though the mature ones have a better chance of living in those temperatures than do the younger ones.
6. Brussel Sprouts
Plant Brussel sprouts in fall with sunny days and cool nights. Moreover, it can handle even snow with proper protection.
7. Bunching Onions (Green Onions)
Growth slows in the cold and requires proper protection from the snow. In spring, they wake up and become prolific.
A hardy plant that can handle temperatures down to between 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
A root veggie that grows well in temperatures of 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit; however, they can tolerate colder temperatures.
Caulifower is another one that can handle temperatures down to 25 degrees F.
11. Collard Greens
These lovelies can handle temperatures between 55–75 degrees Fahrenheit, and they get more flavorful with the cold.
Garlic needs a full year to grow properly. However, it’s best if you plant it in late September to December and harvest the following year.
Covering them before the snow is recommended.
Not only does kale love snow, but it also becomes sweeter.
This one gets sweeter with exposure to frost but will not survive all winter.
You can harvest leeks in freezing temperatures with careful maintenance of the main plant.
It prefers the cold to heat, but it can be damaged by frost. The damage doesn’t make the plant inedible, however.
17. Mustard Green
A hard frost can kill this plant if it’s not properly protected with mulch and row covers to keep the snow off.
Like other herbs, parsley enjoys the cold season, but it needs proper protection to keep a hard frost from killing it.
Parsnip is another one that gets sweeter with freezing temperatures as the starches in it are converted to sugars.
Celery enjoys cool climates, requiring 16 weeks of cool weather to harvest.
Radishes can handle frost, but not hard freezes.
Fall and Winter Fruits
There are some varieties of fruits that love the cold and will produce an abundance of sweet, delicious edibles. Some of these are:
Apples should be planted in late winter/early spring when the ground isn’t frozen anymore. Harvests will come in the fall.
There are quite a few varieties, and some will even grow in warm climates.
Plant pear in early spring after the ground has thawed.
These bushes should be planted in the early spring.
The ever-bearing variety will survive winter better than any other variety, providing a wonderful bounty in the fall.
26. Sweet Cherries
If you don’t want birds to eat your crop of these delectable fruits, you should choose to plant the yellow variety. Birds love the red ones.
Surviving Low Temperatures
For these trees and bushes to not only survive low temperatures but thrive, experts recommend they be planted in sunlit areas on a slope with plenty of space between them.
This will allow them to soak up as much sun as they can while they get plenty of good drainage off their roots. Also, putting turf in-between the rows will help slow down, maybe even prevent erosion.
If you don’t have a lot of space and are forced to put the trees close together, prune the inward-facing branches and leave the outward-facing ones alone.
The inside ones aren’t much use since there will be little room for fruit, and the fruit on them won’t be able to get much sun for ideal growth. The outside branches are more ideal.
Mulching and Row Covers
Please note that many of the listed veggies are somewhat delicate.
To help them survive the ground freezing, we recommend that you mulch them heavily. This will help protect the tender roots.
Also, row covers will protect the leafy varieties from coming into direct contact with snow and freezing winds.
This will shield them from frost damage as well as from dying by hard freezes.
There are many great winter vegetables and fruits that you can plant and harvest outside the seasons we normally think of as “the growing season”.
With some planning, some mulch, and a wide variety of cold-loving plants, you can have just as bountiful, and beautiful, a garden in the cool season as you can in spring and summer.
Also, planting times all depend on what you’re planting and where you’re planting it. If you live in the United States, be sure to check your Zone to make sure you’re planting the proper crops for your area for the best results.