You’ve probably heard that garlic is a great companion plant for many crops. And you’d be right! It grows well with brassicas (like broccoli and cabbage), a lot of other crops, and even some flowers.
On the other hand, there are some plants to avoid planting near garlic. Below, we’ll discuss some of the best and worst companions for garlic.
Good Companion Plants for Garlic
Good companions include herbs like basil and dill, as well as flowers like marigolds and nasturtiums.
Here’s a comprehensive list of what to plant next to garlic:
- Swiss chard
- Brussels sprouts
- Fruit trees
What Not to Plant With Garlic
When it comes to choosing plants to go alongside garlic, there are a few plants that you need to avoid.
For one, don’t plant garlic near beans and peas. Garlic can stunt the growth of these crops.
You also don’t want to plant garlic near parsley or sage. Garlic will have the same negative effect on these plants as the legumes.
Below are other bad companions for garlic.
- Other alliums
How to Grow Garlic
There are a few things you need to know before you plant garlic. First, it likes full sun. Second, it doesn’t do well in saturated soil, so make sure the soil is well-drained.
Below are other growing requirements.
When it comes to feeding your garlic plants, you want to offer them a moderate to high-nitrogen fertilizer . A balanced fertilizer should also work great, providing your plants with good nutrition.
You can spread manure or compost around the base of the plant every couple of weeks throughout the growing season. If possible, use aged manure or compost.
When it comes to watering your garlic, you want to make sure you’re doing it evenly. Don’t over-water, but also don’t let the soil dry out completely between waterings.
A good rule of thumb is to give your garlic about an inch of water per week – either from rain or from a garden hose.
If it’s particularly hot outside, you may need to water your garlic more frequently. If the weather has been cloudy or cool, then less frequent watering should suffice.
Just make sure that the soil remains moist but not saturated. Don’t allow too much water in the planting area as this can be detrimental to your garlic’s health and growth.
Some common plant pests that affect garlic include thrips, bulb mites, and leaf miners. There are also bad nematodes, leek moth larvae, onion maggots, and red spider mite.
However, there are a number of organic treatments that can repel or kill these pests. Make sure to practice regular crop rotation in your garden to reduce nematode populations.
You can also use companion planting strategies like placing garlic close to marigolds or even nasturtiums. These plants naturally repel pests from garlic.
Some plant diseases that affect garlic include basal rot, damping off, downy mildew, bacterial soft rot, and purple botch.
Fortunately, there are ways you can minimize risks. For instance, practice crop rotation and avoid overwatering.
Furthermore, provide adequate space between your plants to allow for good air circulation. Lastly, make sure to engage in proper sanitation habits like cleaning up garlic plant debris.
How to Harvest
Harvesting garlic is pretty easy and straightforward.
You’ll want to wait until the bottom leaves begin to dry up and then you can gently dig it up with a garden fork or spade.
Once dug up, gently brush off as much soil as you can and leave the bulbs to dry out in a spot with plenty of air circulation.
How to Store Garlic
Now that you know which plants to pair with your garlic and how to grow it, let’s talk about how to store it.
The best way to store garlic is in a cool, dry place, out of direct sunlight. You should also make sure that the environment is well-ventilated, as this will help ensure that your garlic doesn’t become moldy or mildewed.
If you’re looking for a quick and easy storage solution, you can store them in mesh bags or other breathable containers. This should be placed on the kitchen counter in a basket or pantry since these areas tend to be the perfect temperature and humidity for storing garlic.
You should also pay attention to how long you’re storing it. Freshly-picked cloves of garlic will last longer than those that have been sitting around for a while.
When it comes to choosing neighbors for garlic, some plants are great for boosting its production and pest resistance, while others can have a negative impact. By knowing which plants to pair with garlic, you can help it reach its full potential in your garden.