One of the most successful methods of gardening is companion planting. Companion planting involves planting your garden in a way that allows a diversity of plants to help each other thrive.
This technique is necessary in organic farming. Fresh fruits, veggies, and herbs are extremely important to a healthy and fulfilling life.
Not only are they jam-packed with essential vitamins and minerals, but they also provide the body with the carbohydrates and fiber necessary to digestive and energy processes that take place on a cellular level.
If you’ve come across this article, there’s a good chance you’re interested in growing these plants yourself.
Below you will find further information regarding companion plants — the benefits and plant pairings that make for a successful, exciting, and rewarding garden experience!
The Benefits of Companion Planting
The best part about companion planting is the numerous benefits it provides to the soil, creatures, and plants of your garden ecosystem.
When everything works together properly, everything flourishes and that is the goal. The benefits are as follows:
- Improved soil quality and plant health
- A home for helpful creatures
- A better chance at pollination for plants that require it
- It keeps the pests far away
- It provides protection for delicate plants that are sensitive to the harsh sun or extreme weather
- The ability to fit more plants into your garden
Continue reading to learn more about different plant pairings to help you plan and start a thriving garden space.
Bring in the Ornamentals and Herbs
You’ll notice in the remainder of this article that fruits and vegetables are not the only plants mentioned when discussing companionship.
Herbs and ornamentals are also to be considered. Herbs and ornamentals are both renowned for their ability to keep pests away from the main crops.
In addition, certain ornamentals attract pollinators and provide shelter and protection for some of the more delicate plant species that reside beneath them.
Effective Companion Planting for Your Favorite Fruits and Vegetables
Companion planting requires taking the time to study your main crops and how they interact with each other and other companion plants.
Here is a list of the most effective combinations to ensure your organic gardening endeavors are a success!
Tomatoes are everyone’s go-to to jazz up salads, sandwiches, or to simply satisfy a bout of hunger at snack time.
To keep them growing healthy and strong, consider companion planting tomatoes with onions, sage, borage, lettuce, parsley, carrots, mint, asparagus, rosemary, or basil.
Be sure to keep them away from the potatoes!
Spinach is a nutrient-dense leafy vegetable good in a variety of culinary dishes. It thrives well when grown near the squashes and onions.
In addition, planting it beneath somewhat taller spinach companion plants such as beans, radishes, and celery will protect it from the harsh rays of direct sunlight.
Raspberries are a sweet treat on a summer night. Unfortunately, they easily attract a variety of pests and fungal diseases.
To prevent this from happening, plant raspberry companion plants such as marigolds, garlic, and turnips among the bushes.
Keep them away from tomatoes, blackberries, and potatoes.
Strawberries are a delight to any garden.
Companion plants for strawberries include beans, onions, sage, horseradish, rhubarb, spinach, chives, lettuce, and marigolds.
On top of that, planting thyme near the strawberry patch will aid in keeping worms away.
Fresh corn from the garden is a favorite at picnics and barbecues. Luckily, it isn’t too picky when it comes to pairing with other vegetables.
Corn companion plants such as melons, cucumbers, peas, beans, lettuce, potatoes, and squash all make for good neighbors.
6. Squashes and Cucumbers
Squashes and cucumbers are quite similar when it comes to companion planting.
Cucumber and squash companion plants such as radishes, beets, beans, peas, and carrots do well together.
To repel unwanted pests, try planting other companion plants for cucumbers and squash like marigolds, sunflowers, and nasturtiums.
Carrots make for a healthy snack and colorful addition to a variety of dishes.
There are many carrot companion plants but their most popular pairs are lettuce and radishes. Planting leeks nearby will also keep away flies.
Avoid planting onions and carrots together, as they are strong competitors with one another.
Broccoli has several good companions.
Consider planting broccoli companion plants such as sage, celery, basil, garlic, dill, onions, cucumbers, potatoes, beans, lettuce, radish, and beets.
The beets are especially beneficial because they provide additional calcium to the broccoli plant.
Peppers are another vegetable that thrives well with a variety of companion plants.
Companion plants for peppers might include radishes, spinach, lettuce, garlic, leeks, and onions.
Additionally, geraniums, petunias, marigolds, basil, and chives will work well to keep away pests.
Potatoes are a good source of micronutrients, minerals, and carbohydrates essential to human health.
For potato companions, peas, beans, and a variety of cruciferous vegetables pair well together in the garden.
To keep the pests away, try planting marigolds, basil, and sweet alyssum. Avoid planting cucumbers and potatoes nearby.
There are many plants that grow well with zucchini.
Consider companion planting zucchini with beans, corn, radishes, parsley, spinach, nasturtiums, and marigold.
Likewise, keep it away from potatoes and pumpkins.
An Abundant Harvest
Companion planting is one of many planting methods in the realm of gardening. It has been practiced for centuries in different areas of the world and is still common today.
While mapping out your garden space to follow the above-listed combinations will take some extra time, you can rest assured your harvest will be bountiful.